Digitized music must contain metadata in order to be licensed, searched, tracked and paid for online usage. Whether factual, cultural (tags and folksonomy), contractual-time-sensitive, content based or usage generated, new norms and standards are being defined to aknowledge the increasing role of music metadata.
The TGIT software project is an indexation platform containing music metadata for the use of creators, performers, producers of sound recordings, record labels in Quebec and French-speaking Canada as a first test market. Thanks to some evolution of metadata information, which is progressively being recognized and used by players in the music industry worldwide, TGIT will allow music to register harmoniously and productively in the new global digital ecosystem. TGIT is not a legal online music service nor an audio file agregator. It is strictly limited to the indexing of digital audio recordings and works metadata within the existing framework. During the first phase, Iconoclaste inc. will develop the basic software (an open source "Music Tagger") for individual (desktop) use. This will allow the initial creators and producers of the copyrighted content to embed the metadata of their works in song files. The software is free for industry professionals. A second phase will involve building a metadata repository in collaboration with the rightsholders sector.
The research on which the TGIT project is based will be published in early 2013. It was carried out by Jean-Robert Bisaillon as part of his master’s degree in Research Practices and Public Action at the Urbanisation Culture Société Research Centre, which is part of the National Institute for Scientific Research (INRS) in Montreal. It sets out the results of a survey conducted on metadata in the field of sound recording, conducted with the support of the Institute’s laboratory / art and society / land and theory department (l / as / tt). This first research project is complemented by a second which focuses more specifically on the knowledge mobilization used in carrying out this research, and the construction and transmission of the results. Beyond this formal academic framework, the project involves a phase of mobilization and implementation which has as its aim the development of the TGIT technical and software capability. The overall aim of the project is to meet the practical needs of industry partners, and, as a logical consequence of research-action, these partners will participate to the new phases of the project.
For the purposes of our study, we have created a list of musical databases which are already in use. At the time of publication, the list contains 60 databases. It is available online under Creative Commons BY-NC-SA, and will be updated repeatedly as the work progresses. http://bit.ly/musicalmetadata
For the purposes of our study, we have also created a cross-referenced table of metadata fields in order to compare the constants and methodological differences of certain stakeholders. At present, this table brings together and compares more than 280 fields of databases and metadata ID3V2, IODA, CDDB2. SoundExchange, SOPROQ, MusicBrainz, and CISAC CWR V1. The table is available on line, and will be updated repeatedly as we go along. http://bit.ly/metadataframes